Israel established itself as a powerhouse both for basic and multidisciplinary scientific research.  With the creation of six nanotechnology centers in Academia -- each focused on specific disciplines and styles of research -- Israel sets the global pace for nanoresearch in:

Nanomaterials - Nanostructures, solid nanomaterials and nanochemistry.

Israel ranks first in the world for publication citations in fields related to these disciplines, according to the Philadelphia-based Institute for Science Information (ISI). The ISI citation index shows that publications from Israeli researchers are among the top five cited in the fields of material sciences, molecular biology and chemistry.

Nanobiotechnology - Biology, biotech engineering, applied biosciences and medicine.

Of all nano-related disciplines, current research in this area is increasingly likely to be commercialized and marketed. This is due to Israel's continuing success in the life sciences and biotech applications. 

Nanobiotech capacity benefits greatly from Israel's leadership in multi-disciplinary research. Nanobiotech applications combine such diverse fields as molecular biology, genetics, chemistry, electronics and materials science — areas dominated by Israeli research.

Nanoelectronics - Electronics and photonics.

Many of Israel's nanotech researchers are engaged in disciplines that contribute to nanoelectronics.  Electronics and photonics are historically among Israel's strongest fundamental research areas.

Nanowater - Nanomembranes, nanofiltration and other nanotechnologies used in water remediation.

Israel is strong in filtration and membrane research with a national research capacity exceeding many larger nations. Recent developments in global clean water markets have prompted several new initiatives that combine Israel's agricultural and industrial water treatment expertise with academic research experience in nanotechnology.

Environment, Agro/FoodTech and Energy

In recent years, Israel nanotech researchers increasingly focus on environment and energy technologies like batteries, fuel cells and photovoltaics, and also agro and food tech.